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GMAT考试词汇精选(MP3+文本) 第329期:Unit40—3

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1.volatile a.易变的,多变的(characterized by or subject to rapid change)
词根记忆:volat(飞)+ile--飞来飞去的--多变的
例:volatile demand多变的需求
同根词:volant (a.飞行的;敏捷的):volary(n.大型鸟舍)
2.volunteer n.志愿者(a person who voluntarily undertakes or expresses a willingness to undertake a service);a.自愿的(being, consisting of, or engaged in by volunteers)
词根记忆:volunt(志愿)+eer(人)--志愿者
例:We should disband our volunteer service and hire a commercial ambulance service.
同根词:benevolent(a.善心的,好意的);volition(n.意志力)
3.voracious a.狼吞虎咽的(devouring or craving food in great quantities);贪婪的(excessively eager; insatiable)
词根记忆:vor(吃)+acious--吃得多的--狼吞虎咽的
例:The survival of a rare New Zealand species of mistletoe is threatened both because its leaves are extremely tasty to a voracious opossum species and because its flowers are pollinated by two species of birds whose populations are in decline.
派生词:voraciously( ad.狼吞虎咽地;贪得无厌地)
4.vortices n.漩涡(vortex的复数)
例:Sunspots, vortices of gas associated with strong electromagnetic activity are visible.
5.vulnerable a.易受攻击的(capable of being physically wounded; assailable)
词根记忆:vulner(伤)+able--易受攻击的
例:The argument is most vulnerable to the objection.
派生词:vulnerably( ad.软弱地;易受危害地);vulnerability(n.弱点;易损性)
6.wage v.发动(战争)(to engage in or carry on);n.工资(a payment, usually of money for labor or services, usually according to contract and on an hourly, daily, or piecework basis)
记:wage作为“工资”这一意思大家比较熟识,可以理解为“为了工资而斗争”
例:Agricultural revenues in excess of the amount needed for subsistence were used by medieval kings to wage war.
7.wanton a.无节制的,放纵的(being without check or limitation);无赖的(mischievous)
发音记忆:“顽童”--无赖的
例:Customs inspectors are often treated not like government employees but wanton poachers by travelers.
8.warbler n.(能叫出温柔颤音的)鸣禽
例:Blue-winged warblers are unlike most species of warbler in which it is very difficult to tell the male and female apart.
9.warrior n.战士(a man engaged or experienced in warfare)
词根记忆:war(战争)+rior--战斗的人--战士
例:terracotta warriors秦始皇兵马俑
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benevolent [bi'nevələnt]

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adj. 仁爱的,乐善好施的

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check [tʃek]

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n. 检查,支票,账单,制止,阻挠物,检验标准,方格图案

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tasty ['teisti]

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adj. 好吃的

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commercial [kə'mə:ʃəl]

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adj. 商业的
n. 商业广告

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warrior ['wɔ:riə]

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n. 勇士,战士,武士

 
experienced [iks'piəriənst]

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adj. 有经验的

 
medieval [medi'i:vəl]

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adj. 中世纪的

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vulnerability [.vʌlnərə'biliti]

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n. 易受攻击,弱点,[计]漏洞

 
voluntarily ['vɔləntərili]

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adv. 自动地,以自由意志

 
extremely [iks'tri:mli]

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adv. 极其,非常

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