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VOA词汇掌故(翻译+字幕+讲解):Mortgage以及其它和死亡沾边的单词

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Now, the VOA Learning English program Words and Their Stories.

Part of the "American Dream" is to own a home. Many Americans borrow money when they buy a home. They use a mortgage loan, known simply as a mortgage, to help pay for the property. To 网上电子游艺娱乐网站the money, the buyer signs an agreement with a bank or loan company. The borrower promises to pay back the money, plus interest, over a period of years.

The word "mortgage" comes from two Old French words. Mort means dead and gage means to promise or pledge. Combine the two terms and you 网上电子游艺娱乐网站"death pledge." Perhaps this deadly sounding name is why many people are afraid to buy a house, and choose to rent one instead. Because of the word's French roots, we do not pronounce the letter "t" in mortgage.

The second half of the word, gage, is part of another useful word - engage. Engage has many meanings.

You can enter into battle with, or engage, your enemy. You can engage, or ask, someone to work for you. If you are engaged in a business, you've been taking part in it or doing it.

To engage also means to hold someone's attention. If you have an engaging speaking style, you can hold the attention of others -- or engage them -- for a long time.

An engagement can be a 皇家娱乐88平台电话promise to be some place at a given time. For example, "He has an engagement this evening and won't be able to make it." Or an engagement can be a serious promise to marry someone. You can say, "The couple got engaged two years ago, which makes it a really long engagement!"

Mortgage以及其它和死亡沾边的单词

But let's leave the happy thoughts of marriage and 网上电子游艺娱乐网站back to death. The French term "mort" gives a deathly meaning to other English words – words like mortal, mortality, mortician and mortuary.

As a noun, mortal means a human being. But as an adjective, mortal means something or someone is subject to death. All mortal creatures will die. Mortal can also describe something or someone belonging to this world.

Many religious people believe that when we die, we simply leave our mortal life -- or life on this world -- for an afterlife. Something that does not die is immortal. Clergymen or other religious leaders often pray for a person's "immortal soul."

Mortal can also be used for something or someone with the ability to cause death. For example, someone who is your mortal enemy may want to kill you or they just may never give up in the fight against you. In battle, if you suffer a mortal wound, you are likely to die from it. Mortal combat means a fight to the death. These three are all common word combinations using the word "mortal."

On the lighter side is the word "mortified." When you are mortified, you feel so embarrassed or foolish that you want to die -- but not really. We often use mortified in situations that are not very serious.

Being a mortician, however, can be serious business. A mortician prepares dead people for burial. They also can help plan and organize funerals. The word mortician is a combination of mortuary, a place in which dead bodies are kept, and the suffix –ician, as in physician.

And that's Words and Their Stories from VOA Learning English. I'm Anna Matteo.

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physician [fi'ziʃən]

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n. 内科医生

 
engagement [in'geidʒmənt]

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n. 婚约,订婚,约会,约定,交战,雇用,(机器零件等)

 
burial ['beriəl]

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n. 埋葬,葬礼,坟墓

 
property ['prɔpəti]

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n. 财产,所有物,性质,地产,道具

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combine [kəm'bain]

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v. 结合,联合,使结合
n. 集团,联合企业

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combination [.kɔmbi'neiʃən]

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n. 结合,联合,联合体

遐想记忆
mortality [mɔ:'tæliti]

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n. 必死的命运,死亡数目,死亡率

遐想记忆
engage [in'geidʒ]

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v. 允许,预定,使忙碌,雇佣,订婚

 
engaged [in'geidʒd]

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adj. 忙碌的,采用中的,订婚了的

 
loan [ləun]

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n. 贷款,借出,债权人
v. 借,供应货款,

 

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